Marxist theories ignore the factors of individual motivation, whilst stressing too much emphasis on capitalism and economic forces that are forcing people into crime.
Marxists always see working class criminal types as victims of the capitalist state. Hence, he believes that a revolution will happen, rather than criminal activity, where the ruling class will be overthrown, resulting in the elimination of crime.
Marxist theories are quite politically driven, one sided and too simplistic to explain crime and capitalism.
Since they are benefiting, they would not want to change the norms and values of society the status quoof the capitalist society. The current economic system is ensured to stay in favour of the ruling class due to existing laws.
Thus, conflict will be present in society, and the resulting crime will benefit those in power. It also known that these deaths that occur in the workplace, are often only punished by a fine, even though in theory, that death has occurred due to another person.
Essentially, left realism is criticised for failing to explain the causes of crime — it relies extensively on victimisation statistics and only takes into account the views of victims on certain issues. Karl Marx says that deviance is due to unequal power relationships and is a function of class struggle.
They use the poorer and lower and working classes to fuel their greed, most of the time without any consideration for their workers. If a group sufferers from relative deprivation, it may adopt a lifestyle which to cope with their problem, either illegally or legally. They disagree that deviance is a working class phenomenon, though they are thought of as the main offenders of crime and deviance.
Moreover, people have unequal access to a fair trial — having the money to pay for a good lawyer can mean the difference between being found guilty or not guilty. Obviously, crime and deviance will occur as these laws are designed to sustain the capitalist economic system.
To reach success, functionalists believe that the correct thing to do is go through institutionalized means in order to access certain goals. In many respects, however, it has a rather simplistic view on the relations of power in capitalist societies.
According to Marxist theorists, they would also say that capitalist regimes would go out of their way to make it difficult for the working class to fight back against this exploitation and such things as the recent proposal to cut back on legal aid in the U.
From a Marxist point of view, there is a systematic bias in favour of those at the top, and this is evident when looking at how laws are enforced. Marxists therefore argue that capitalism is crimogenic — it is the single over-riding cause of all crime and deviancy in society due to poverty, unemployment and lack of opportunity.
Marxists assume that in a communist utopia, crime would be eradicated, but historically, this has not been the case.
Marxist View on Crime and Deviance Marxist View on Crime and Deviance 8 August Sociology According to Wickhamdeviance is behaviour that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society. The concept of marginalisation refers to groups at the margins of society, those without socio-political representation and clearly defined objectives.
Like traditional Marxists, they see the economy as the most important part of society and they believe that the inequalities in wealth and power between individuals in capitalist societies are the root cause of crime.Sociology Chad Walker Assess Marxist theories of crime and deviance.
Marxists believe that the law is part of the superstructure that is used to socialise people, which benefits capitalists. Outline and assess Marxist explanations of crime and deviance. Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your. Read this essay on Marxist View of Crime and Deviance.
Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at mi-centre.com". Outline and assess Marxist theories of crime and deviance.
(50 marks) Marxists argue that the nature and organisation of capitalism, creates the potential for criminal behaviour. Gordon states that capitalism is characterised by class inequalities in the distribution of, for example, wealth and income, poverty, unemployment and homelessness.
This essay will evaluate the Marxist theory that the ruling class in society decides the law and enforces it, to reflect their own interests - Marxism Crime & Deviance introduction. Marxism is a political and social system based on the ideas of Karl Marx (). Marxist criminology theories began in the ’s.
According to Marxists. Analysis of Marxist Theories of Crime. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.
Published: Mon, Though he did not largely dwell on deviance, Karl largely mentioned about criminal tendencies. Read this essay on Marxist Theories (Crime and Deviance).
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