Also some people argue that there are high demand characteristics involved in this study as the situation was unfamiliar so the children may have been acting in the way they thought they were expected to. SIT states that the in-group will discriminate against the out-group to enhance their self-image.
Social learning theory also ignores biological factors which may influence aggressive behaviour such as high levels of testosterone and ignores any evidence suggesting biological or genetic components influence human aggression and so the theory is reductionist.
There are two conditions on which the production of behaviour depends. There are a number of factors that influence imitative behaviour. We compare our in-group with out-groups of a similar status to enhance thus establish the superiority of our group.
Fans from large U. Biological explanations are reductionist as it ignores: Membership to a social group affects the behaviour of an individual.
When prosocial environment cues were present, deindividuated participants were more altruistic and less antisocial than the control group.
The second weakness is determinism since social learning theory presents learning to be a passive absorption of behaviour. Body SIT is based on 4 main concepts Social categorization Tendency to divide and therefore categorize individuals into ingroups us and outgroups them Category accentuation effect - Exaggeration of intergroup differences and intragroup similarities Underestimates to rate or rank too low perceived difference within ingroup and outgroups E.
Self-concept based on membership to social groups When relating to another as a member of a social group, our social identities affect our behaviour towards them Individual identities partly come from group memberships Having this social identity enhances our self-esteem Social comparison and positive distinctiveness Social identity contributes to our self-image so we seek positive social identities to maintain and enhance self-esteem.
Brown eyes became timid, submissive and performed less well academically. Aggression passed through genetic transmission- looked at through animal studies Nelson - noted selective breeding experiments can lead to more aggressive behaviour in animals. Loss of private self-awareness leads to a loss of internal standards and hence an over-reliance on environmental cues, for example others in the crowd.
Second is applicability to adults since Phillips found that SLT applies to adults too as after a major boxing match daily homicide rates in the US almost always increase.
The second strength is that social learning theory can explain individual differences and context-dependent learning. Evolutionary explanations of human aggression Acts of terrorists e.
Tajfel"s study has reduced this complex psychological phenomenon down to a very simple level, focusing just on minimal groups and performance of a simple experimental task. Research has identified two factors involved in Deindividuation; loss of public self-awareness where individuals lose a sense that others are aware of them and that they are identifiable.
Anti-social behaviour operationalised in terms of: A cross-cultural study was conducted and found that warriors who disguised their appearance tended to be more aggressive, suggesting that deindividuation effects are universal.
Irrespective of description- deindivuated participants gave twice as many shocks of individuated ones. The second psychological theory of aggression is deindividuation.
Tame domestic animals have higher levels of serotonin. Therefore to be aggressive a child needs a high sense of self-efficacy since having self belief to do something means a larger chance of it being done.
Loss of public self-awareness leads to a loss of public standards of behaviour or a lowering of inhibitions.
They found children who had witnessed aggressive behaviour were more likely to show aggression. Those in the aggressive condition displayed aggression whilst the other children showed virtually no aggression.
The participants right to withdraw was also an issue as it was made to seem that they had to continue shocking the learner. Bandura also said that social learning requires children to have mental representations of events in their social environment.
Theory supported by Cairns - in study of mice. Bandura believed that four criteria need to be met for imitation to occur; attention to role model, then retention where the observed behaviours are memorised, then reproduction of the target behaviour, and lastly motivation where direct and vicarious reinforcements as well as punishments influence the motivation to imitate.
A strength of social learning theory however, is its ability to explain cultural differences in levels of aggression. Bandura shows people may learn aggressive behaviour through observation Structural causes: Outline and evaluate two social psychological theories of aggression e.
Direct experience refers to if a child is rewarded for being aggressive, that behaviour is positively reinforced and more likely o be repeated. Nelson- suggests structural causes relate to nature of social- e.OUTLINE AND EVALUATE TWO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOICAL THEORIES OF AGGRESSION The first psychological theory of aggression is the.
Aggression Essay Plans. Outline and evaluate two social psychological theories of aggression (e.g. social learning theory, deindividuation) Theory 1. • Social learning theory= originated from work of Gabriel Tarde () Learning= relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience.
Outline and evaluate 2 psychological and 2 physiological treatments for stress.
Meichenbaum s Stress Inoculation Training SIT and is a psychological method. Discuss two or more social psychological theories of aggression (8+16 marks) Outline and evaluate research into circadian rhythms (8+16 marks) Outline and evaluate social psychological explanations of celebrity attraction (4+8 marks).
Outline and evaluate two social psychological explanations There are two social psychological approaches to aggression. These are social learning theory (SLT) and deindividuation theory (DT). Both these theories stress that aggression is a learnt process, they believe that aggression is due to our nurture and not in our nature.
Outline and evaluate two social psychological explanations of human aggression (24 Marks) Deindividuation theory is a social psychological explanation of.Download