But the most powerful inducement to exploration was trade. By the seventeenth century, the English had taken the lead in colonizing North America, establishing settlements all along the Atlantic coast and in the West Indies.
As European powers conquered the territories of the New World, they justified wars against Native Americans and the destruction of their cultures as a fulfillment of the European secular and religious vision of the New World.
Such utopian visions were reinforced by religious notions. The company, however, was not successful, and in the king took direct control of New France. Dias sailed around the tip of Africa and into the Indian Ocean before his frightened crew forced him to give up the quest.
They connected the Christianization of the world with the second coming of Christ.
Between and Frobisher as well as John Davis explored along the Atlantic coast. In and Pedro de Mendoza went as far as present-day Buenos Aires in Argentina, where he founded a colony. He made three more voyages to America between andduring which he explored Puerto Ricothe Virgin Islands, Jamaica, and Trinidad.
Religious Motivations The impulse for exploration was further fueled by the European imagination. Thus, the rise of Protestantism and the Counter-Reformation, along with the Renaissance, helped foster individualism and create a climate favorable to exploration.
Then, under Cardinal Richelieu, control of the empire was put in the hands of the government-sponsored Company of New France. Early Christian Europeans had inherited from the Jews a powerful prophetic tradition that drew upon apocalyptic biblical texts in the books of Daniel, Isaiah, and Revelations.
Gilbert headed two trips to the New World. By the mid-sixteenth century, however, England had recognized the advantages of trade with the East, and in English merchants enlisted Martin Frobisher to search for a northwest passage to India.
A year later, Vasco da Gama succeeded in reaching India and returned to Portugal laden with jewels and spices. But the Spanish soon pushed the French out of Florida, and thereafter, the French directed their efforts north and west.
Although more prosperous under this administration, the French empire failed to match the wealth of New Spain or the growth of neighboring British colonies. He was followed in by Jacques Cartierwho explored the St.
His school developed the quadrant, the cross-staff, and the compass, made advances in cartography, and designed and built highly maneuverable little ships known as caravels. Although the French sought to colonize the area, the growth of settlements was stifled by inconsistent policies.
Portugal, Spain, France, and England were transformed from small territories into nation-states with centralized authority in the hands of monarchs who were able to direct and finance overseas exploration.
They were also looking for a legendary king named Prester John who had supposedly built a Christian stronghold somewhere in northwestern Africa. InGiovanni da Verrazano was commissioned to locate a northwest passage around North America to India.
Eric Foner and John A. This colony was short-lived, however, and was taken over by the Dutch in Born in Genoa, Italy, aroundColumbus learned the art of navigation on voyages in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. About ten years later another trading company, the West India Company, settled groups of colonists on Manhattan Island and at Fort Orange.
As these religious and political changes were occurring, technological innovations in navigation set the stage for exploration. Johns River area in Florida. The desire to supplant the trade moguls, especially the Italians, and fear of the Ottoman Empire forced the Atlantic nations to search for a new route to the East.
European encounters with the New World were viewed in light of these preconceived notions. Instead, the French traded with inland tribes for furs and fished off the coast of Newfoundland.
At the same time, political centralization ended much of the squabbling and fighting among rival noble families and regions that had characterized the Middle Ages.
Thinking he had found islands near Japan, he sailed on until he reached Cuba which he thought was mainland China and later Haiti. The newly unified states of the Atlantic—France, Spain, England, and Portugal—and their ambitious monarchs were envious of the merchants and princes who dominated the land routes to the East.
The Dutch also planted trading colonies in the West Indies. Formerly a Protestant province of Spain, the Netherlands was determined to become a commercial power and saw exploration as a means to that end.
Despite the treaty, controversy continued over what Columbus had found. The Orient became a magnet to traders, and exotic products and wealth flowed into Europe. Parry, The Spanish Seaborne Empire ; 2nd ed. Columbus, hoping to make such a voyage, spent years seeking a sponsor and finally found one in Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain after they defeated the Moors and could turn their attention to other projects.However, political reasons arose after the first discovery of the New World for European nations to begin colonizing lands to expand their authorities.
Wealth, national pride, and religious and political freedom were the main causes of exploration and colonization. Free european exploration papers, essays, and research papers.
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Scientifically, when the cultures of 15th century Europe and the. Free Essay: Reasons for Exploration Before the Age of Exploration, little was known to the Europeans of the outside world.
There was the misconception that. There were many reasons for European exploration. As Europe’s demand for Eastern goods grew Europeans began to search for new trading routes to reduce the expenses. Another reason for exploration was the arrival of Marco Polo.
When he returned fro 5/5(1). There were many reasons for European exploration. As Europes demand for Eastern goods grew Europeans began to search for new trading routes to reduce the expenses. Another reason for exploration was the arrival of Marco Polo.
Motives For Exploration essays Until the lateDownload